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首页 金融英语重点单词名词解释

金融英语重点单词名词解释.doc

金融英语重点单词名词解释

权生
2019-05-03 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《金融英语重点单词名词解释doc》,可适用于外语资料领域

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Currency:货币Themoneyusedinacountryeuros,dollars,yen,etcisitsCOvertime加班时间moneyreceivedforworkingextrahoursPension养老金moneypaidbyacompanyorthegovernmenttoaretiredPMortgage租金repaymentsofmoneyborrowedtobuyahouseorflatBudget预算afinancialplan,showinghowmuchmoneyapersonororganizationexpectstoearnandspendiscalledabudgetShareholders股东thepeoplewhoinvestmoneyinsharesarecalledshareholdersRevenue收入allthemoneycomingintoacompanyduringagivenperiodisrevenueDividend股利thepartofitsprofitthatacompanypaystoitsshareholdersisaDBalancesheet资产负债表showsthecompanyrsquosassetsthethingitowes,itsliabilitiesthemoneyitowesitscapitalAssets资产thecapitalabankhasandtheloansithasmadeareitrsquosAAuditing审计AmeansexaminingacompanyrsquossystemsofcontrolandtheaccuracyorexactnessofitsrecordsExternalaudit外部审计isdonebyindependentauditorsauditorswhoarenotemployeesofthecompanyPartnerships合伙企业aPisabusinessarrangementinwhichseveralpeopleworktogether,andsharetherisksandprofitsDepreciation折旧reducingthevalueofassetsinthecompanyrsquosaccountsFulldisclosureprinciple全面披露theFprinciplestatesthatfinancialreportingmustincludeallsignificantinformationanythingthatmakesadifferencetotheusersoffinancialstatementsRevenuerecognitionprinciple收入确认原则isthatreyenueisrecognizedintheaccountingperiodinwhichitisearnedMatchingprinciple配比原则whichisrelatedtorevenuerecognitionstatesthateachcostorexpenserelatedtorevenueearnedmustberecordedinthesameaccountingperiodastherevenueithelpedtoearnrsquoCurrentassets流动资产whichwillbeusedorconvertedintocashinlessthanayearExternalauditors外部审计人员independentauditorswhodonotworkforthecompanyLedger总分类账abookofaccountsLiabilities负债Lareobligationstopayotherorganizationsorpeople,moneythatthecompanyowes,orwilloweatafatedateSuppliers供应商companieswhichproviderawmaterialsorpartsGoodwill商誉theamountacompanypaysforanotherone,inexcessofthenetvalueofitsassetsRetainedearnings留存收益profitsfrompreviousyearsthathavenotbeendistributedTangibleassets有形资产areassetswithaphysicalexistencethingsyoucantouchsuchasproperty,plantandequipmentCurrentliabilities流动短期负债CareexpectedtobepaidwithinayearofthedateofthebalancesheetCreditors应付账款largelysuppliersofgoodsorservicestothebusinesswhoarenotpaidatthetimeofpurchaseDeferredtaxes应交税金moneythatwillhavetobepaidastaxinthefuture,althoughthepaymentdoesnothavetobemadenowSharepremium股本溢价moneymadeifthecompanysellssharesatabovetheirfacevaluethevaluewrittenonthemRetainedearnings留存收益profitsfrompreviousyearsthathavenotbeendistributedtoshareholdersReserves公积金fundssetasidefromsharecapitalandearnings,retainedforemergenciesorotherfutureneedsSolvency偿债能力whetheracompanyhasenoughcashtopayshorttermdebts,orwhetheritcouldgobankrupthayeitsassetssoldtorepaycreditorsDirectcosts直接成本thosethatcanbedirectlyrelatedtotheproductionofparticularunitsofaproductarequiteeasytocalculateIndirectcosts间接成本orOverheads管理费用costsandexpensethatcannotbeidentifiedwithparticularmanufacturingprocessesorunitsofproductionBreakevenpoint盈亏平衡点isthesalesvolumethenumberofunitssoldatwhichthecompanycoversitscostspaysallitsexpensesWithdrawmoney取钱Bankaccount银行存款atacommercialorretailbank,andthebankgenerallypaysinteresttothedepositorsGrandloans发放贷款lendmoneytoborrowerswhoneedmoremoneythantheyhaveavailableMerger合并whentwoormorecompaniesjointogetherTakeoverbid收购whenonecompanyofferstoacquireorbuyanotheroneDeregulated放松管制therearenowfewerrestrictionsandregulationsthanbeforeUnderwrite承销inotherwords,weguaranteetobuythesecuritiesourselvesifwecanrsquotfindotherpurchasersPensionfunds养老基金companiesthatinvestmoneythatwilllaterbepaidtoretiredworkersFinancialstability金融稳定thisinvolveschanginginterestratesExchangerate汇率thepriceatwhichtheircurrencycanbeconvertedintoothercurrenciesDemand需求howmuchisbeingboughtDiscountrate贴现率istheratethecentralbanksetstolendshorttermfundstocommercialbanksSolvency偿付能力havingsufficientcashavailablewhendebtshavetobepaidMoneymarkets货币市场theMconsistofanetworkofcorporations,financialinstitutions,investorsandgovernments,whichneedtoborroworinvestshorttermcapitalCommercialpaper商业票据Cisashorttermloanissuedbymajorcompanies,alsosoldatadiscount,itisunsecuredwhichmeansitisnotguaranteedbythecompanyrsquosassets

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